Are you a Chicken or a Pig ?

The workplace is a diverse coming together of people with differing backgrounds, skills, drive, ambition, and individual traits. Leaders and managers work hard at bringing together such an eclectic selection to form effective teams and build successful companies. However, no matter how diverse a group of people are in a specific team and irrespective of how large the team is, you can divide the entire population into two distinct types : “Chicken” and “Pigs”. No offence is intended in the use of animals here ; you can say sheep, goats or cows instead of pigs, the point remains the same. In any team sport, you see players with different responsibilities such as attack, defence, wingers, etc. A good team is well drilled and organised to act in a concerted manner to defend or attack. A (...)more...

The Best Teacher You Ever Had…. Failure

What do we do when we succeed at something ? We cheer, pump our fists, go out and celebrate, splash the cash. However small or huge the success is, we bask in the glory of the moment and set (...)

Seven “Managers” From Heaven by Mufid Sukkar

I recently wrote about “Nine Managers from Hell” so, it is only fair to set the record straight and speak of managers who showed me how to be a better manager. By the way, I am not talking about (...)

Nine Managers From Hell

A lot of professionals consider promotion to a management position as a final destination rather than a start of a journey. Incompetent management comes in a variety of forms. I am sure you can (...)

Wisdom of A Child

Sometimes I think I have gone mad but when I reflect on what had happened, I am relieved to realise perhaps it is the business world I inhabit that is slowly but surely going completely nuts ! (...)


What to believe and what not to believe

Considerable progress has been made in technology. Look at mobile telephones and the Internet. Today, many people enjoy a standard of living much higher than that of their parents. So what is really happening ? Are the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer, as one recent analysis suggested ? Will the middle class disappear, as many social scientists predict, and if so what will replace it ? How will posterity look upon our society ? What kind of world will we leave for our children ? How many times have we seen the label “approved by scientists”, “approved by the medical association” on a product ? What could be more certain than resorting to the integrity of a professional organization ? Marketing at its best ? But, despite all this, has the world really become a better place (...)more...

What is wrong with wishing people a Happy New Year ?

Every year at Christmas/New Year time, we send off a greetings card to all our friends and relations and in the envelope we include a “family newsletter” ‒‒ a recto/verso page describing what (...)

Thoughts...on a gloomy day

“There is something I don’t understand,” a friend observed. “Ever since I was on the ground covering the Libyan crisis, we reported that you could buy a Kalashnikov for US$50, while for US$400 you (...)

I hardly ever watch the news on TV anymore

“I hardly ever watch the news on TV anymore,” my colleague said the other day. “All you hear about is killings, wars, crimes … I’m tired of sad and depressing news.” It may be a general trend, because (...)

Business, ethics, deeds …

“With this financial crisis and its consequences, do you realize that people are going back to more traditional values ?” my colleague observed one day. “It’s not only in Europe. You can find this (...)

Diva International

L’Assemblée générale achève son Sommet sur le développement durable.

L’Assemblée générale vient de clore sa réunion plénière de haut niveau qui vient de se tenir pendant trois jours. 193 États Membres ont adopté un programme de développement durable destiné, d’ici à 2030, à transformer le monde. Plusieurs chefs d’États et de gouvernements ont appelé à renforcer la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques, lors de la Conférence des États parties (COP 21), qui se tiendra en décembre, à Paris. Une nouvelle ère s’ouvre avec le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030, qui comprend 17 objectifs et 169 cibles. Les États Membres se sont unanimement engagés, vendredi, à mettre fin à l’extrême pauvreté, à lutter contre les inégalités et les effets des changements climatiques. Le Président des États-Unis, M. Barack Obama, qu a pris la parole en séance (...)more...

​Jan Eliasson le Secrétaire general adjoint, appelle les signataires de paix au Mali à renoncer à toutes formes d’actions violentes. ​

Lors de la réunion ministérielle consultative sur le processus de paix au Mali, qui s’est tenu à New York le 1er octobre, le Secrétaire général adjoint a rappelé que la présence de responsables de haut (...)

Le Burundi : chronique d’un échec annoncé.

Selon le Haut-Commissaire aux droits de l’homme, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, tous les signaux d’alarme, y compris celui d’une dimension de plus en plus ethnique de la crise, sont en train de virer au (...)

Les délégations qui participaient au sommet mondial sur le développement durable qui s’est tenu à l’ONU ont insisté sur les moyens de mise en œuvre et sur le lien entre progrès socio-économiques et sécurité, notamment pour ce qui concerne les repercussions du conflit syrien ou les menaces terroristes.

"La clef de la concrétisation des promesses du nouveau Programme de développement durable, dépend de l’attention qui sera accordée aux moyens de la mise en œuvre, mais aussi au programme d’action (...)

UN welcomes report on Iran completing required nuclear measures, calling it ’significant milestone’

16 January 2016 – Following the release of a report confirming that Iran has completed necessary preparatory steps to start the implementation of a plan of action aiming to resolve the nuclear (...)

Diva`s Diplomatic Pouch


The issue of forced migration has reached the limits of an unfortunate tragedy. Proof of this is the actions taken by the United Nations (such as UNHCR and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as the International Organization for Migration (OIM) to tackle this situation. While it is certain that these migrants and refugees should receive urgent assistance, especially women, children and the elderly, it is also true that the discomfort of a human being should be treated not only with "simple medicines" but also with an effective and lasting cure. The solution that these international entities offer, in general terms, is to aid those individuals who are forced to leave (...)more...


Entre (), Hillary Rodham Clinton aura beau vouloir ou prétendre un plan personnel au féminin pour l’Amérique, qu’elle ne pourra jamais se distinguer ainsi. Se débarrasser du patronyme de Clinton, sera (...)

TURKMENISTAN : Neutrality and transport in Eurasia Interview with His Excellency Ambassador Atageldi Haljanov

Q : Could you tell us something about your country ? Turkmenistan – the neutral, democratic, legal, secular and dynamically developing state in the Central Asian region –– is a land with a unique (...)

NEW ZEALAND : Emphasizing multilateralism Interview with Amanda Ellis, Ambassador of New Zealand to the United Nations and other specialized agencies

Ms Ellis is one of those dynamic, sporty, hardworking and friendly ambassadors who is determined to put her country on the international agenda. Madame Ambassador has a difficult task because (...)

Abdoulaye Diop le tout nouveau ministre des Affaires étrangères malien, était à l’ONU. Il s’est exprimé devant le Conseil de sécurité.

Q : Quelle est la situation sur le terrain. Les forces de l’ONU et la force Serval font-elles leur travail ? Quel est votre sentiment ? R : La situation est complexe. Aujourd’hui, seule la moitié (...)

Geneva International

Interview with Tatjana Knoll Director of CamberwellB Consulting, Events management

Tatjana is one of those young dynamic businesswomen who you a chance to come across from time to time. She set up her own consulting company years ago working with the private sector and some private clients, mainly of Russian-speaking origins. Q : Could you tell us how everything started ? In fact, it started out with organizing events. I was often invited to events of all sorts, but there was, in my opinion, a small detail missing, or something that could have been done better. With the encouragement of my friends, I started out organizing receptions, garden parties and similar kinds of events. In life, one thing leads to another and people began to ask me for assistance. Russian-speaking people arriving in Geneva, either on business or to work here, needed assistance in many (...)more...

The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) provides key updates on humanitarian mine action including in Afghanistan, DRC, Iraq, Mali, Somalia, Syria and more

Geneva – 04 December 2015. The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) briefed the press on several key humanitarian mine action issues earlier on today at the Palais des Nations. (...)

Les Indiens d’Amérique au Château de Penthes

Indiens infortunés que j’ai vus errer dans les déserts du Nouveau-Monde avec les cendres de vos aïeux… Chateaubriand Les Indiens d’Amérique du Nord continuent de fasciner. Héros de nos jeux (...)

Cervin absolu

Where there is a Will, there is a Way (Charles Hudson) ©collection B.Aymon Benoît Aymon est bien connu des téléspectateurs suisses puisqu’il produit et anime depuis plus de 22 ans l’émission culte (...)


The Palais des Nations, home of the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG), will open its doors to the public on Saturday, 24 October 2015, to mark the 70th anniversary of the United Nations. (...)


Turkmenistan hosts 43rd meeting of the working group of the Convention on the development of the Caspian status

On January 27-29, 2016, a regular 43rd meeting of special working group on the development of the Convention on legal status of the Caspian Sea will take place in Ashgabat at the level of deputy ministers of foreign affairs of the Caspian states. From the host party, the forum will be organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan and State Enterprise for Caspian Sea at the President of Turkmenistan. On the threshold of the meeting, the President of Turkmenistan approved by his Resolution a composition of the Interdepartmental Commission of Turkmenistan for the Caspian Sea at the head of the Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan. As it is noted, this decision was made with a view of determination of (...)more...

« East-West » gas pipeline

The recent days of concluded 2015 distinctly demonstrated successful and consecutive steps of Turkmenistan on diversification of the directions of export deliveries of hydrocarbon resources. The (...)

International tourism hits record 1.2 billion in 2015, UN reports

18 January 2016 – International tourism grew by 4.4 per cent last year to a record 1.184 billion as calculated by overnight visitors to international destinations, 50 million more than in 2014, (...)

This is the story of a bartender who had a dream—Thierry Maglione, the founder of the slippers Mamismo.

Sometimes in life you come across young people who have dreams, and do everything they can to put them into reality. Thierry had a dream about making nice, comfortable slippers, 100% made in (...)

Five Million Jobs by 2020 : the Real Challenge of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Geneva, Switzerland, 18 January 2016 – The Fourth Industrial Revolution, which includes developments in previously disjointed fields such as artificial intelligence and machine-learning, robotics, (...)


Filippo Grandi takes helm as new UN High Commissioner for Refugees, speaks of focus on solutions

Filippo Grandi, a UN official who has worked in refugee and political affairs in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, began his 5-year term as UN High Commissioner for Refugees on 1 January, succeeding António Guterres whose more than 10 years in office ended last week. High Commissioner Grandi, who arrived at UNHCR’s headquarters office in Geneva earlier today, takes up the position at a time of unprecedented displacement challenges. Record numbers of people globally are forced to flee war and persecution, including more than one million refugees and migrants who crossed the Mediterranean to Europe during the past year. Other challenges include critical shortfalls in humanitarian funding, fewer voluntary returns than at any time in more than three decades, people staying in exile for (...)more...

Government of Germany and UNICEF join forces for refugee and migrant children in Germany

BERLIN, Germany, 14 December 2015 – With more than 300,000 refugee and migrant children having entered Germany this year, UNICEF and the Government of Germany today announced a new partnership (...)

Turkmenistan sent humanitarian aid to Afghanistan

Today, on 28 October 2015, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Turkmenistan, humanitarian convoy with construction materials and food has been sent in order to provide priority (...)


(Geneva 16 October 2015) – More than 1,000 participants from across the world today wrapped up three days of intense discussions about the future of humanitarian aid, consolidating and refining (...)

Health services shut down as funding shortfall cripples humanitarian operations in Iraq

4 August 2015 – A severe funding shortfall has led to the closure of 84% of health programmes supported by humanitarian partners, including the World Health Organization (WHO), in Iraq, leaving (...)


"DYSLEXIQUE…VRAIMENT ? Et si l’on soignait l’école"

Tout un programme ce titre du livre de Colette Ouzilou qui apporte un vent de fraicheur dans la réflexion sur les causes réelles de l’épidémie de dyslexie qui envahie depuis quelques décennies les statistiques scolaires et les esprits de nombreux élèves et de leurs parents. Colette Ouzilou est une orthophoniste qui en 40 ans d’exercice a reçu des centaines d’enfants "mauvais lecteurs" dans son cabinet. Parmi ces enfants à peine une vingtaine était dyslexique. "En 1968, je rééduquais essentiellement des enfants souffrant de retard de langage, de bégaiement. Mais, au début des années 70, j’ai vu apparaître la première vague de lecteurs défaillants, et, depuis, leur nombre n’a fait qu’augmenter" témoigne-t-elle. L’auteur décrit les processus qui ont conduit l’institution scolaire à abandonner et (...)more...

Learn a language in 80 hours in Geneva or in New York

“Learning a language in 80 hours” is an innovative, efficient and stimulating teaching method which enables students to master a foreign language in 80 hours over a matter of months ‒‒ or even (...)

A hundred Muslim and Jewish young leaders daring to believe something is possible that everyone says is impossible

Each year, the Muslim Jewish Conference (MJC) gathers together 100 young Jewish and Muslim leaders from more than forty countries, allowing them to talk to each other for a whole week instead of (...)

Le Centre International de Formation ``Golda Meir`` (MCTC) au chevet des pays du sud dans le domaine du développement communautaire et de la gestion de micro-entreprises. Par Roch Alfred KIKI (AFRIQUE)

Le MASHAV entendu l’Agence Israélienne pour la Coopération Internationale au Développement (MASHAV), une institution israélienne qui œuvre pour la coopération entre les peuples du monde à travers (...)

Pestalozzi, père de la pégagogie moderne

« J’ai vu mieux que le paradis de la Suisse, j’ai vu Pestalozzi » (Karl Ritter, célèbre géographe allemand). La pédagogie, une passion suisse ? On peut l’affirmer si l’on pense à Pestalozzi, Rousseau, (...)



C’est avec un immense plaisir que l’association culturelle suisse-arménienne AVETIS vous annonce la création de son orchestre professionnel l’AVETIS FESTIVAL ORCHESTRA sous la baguette de son principal chef d’orchestre Sergey Ostrovsky et sous la direction de la mezzo-soprano Varduhi Khachatryan. Cet orchestre a pour objectif de réunir des instrumentistes Suisses et Arméniens vivant en Suisse de haut-niveau pour faire connaître identité, culture arméniennes, et réaliser des échanges culturels et artistiques helvético-arméniens. L’AVETIS FESTIVAL ORCHESTRA est un orchestre à géométrie variable qui pourra passer du format d’orchestre de musique de chambre à celui d’orchestre philharmonique dans le but de servir des programmes musicaux différents allant de la musique baroque à la musique contemporaine (...)more...

Auguste Veillon : Des barques du Léman aux felouques du Nil

Le titre de ce beau livre signé Marie-Hélène Miauton et Marie Rochel résume à la perfection la carrière et la palette du peintre suisse Auguste Veillon (1834-1890), car il y a entre les voiles latines (...)

Photo exhibition : Her image, Her Voice, Her Story, Australian Indigenous Women June 17-July 3, 2015 at the Pas Perdus, United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

Photos : Action Press/PM Virot


The incredible story of Igor Savitsky and the Nukus Museum Have you ever heard of Igor Savitsky ? No ? What about Nukus ? A city of 250,000 inhabitants –– Nukus –– in the autonomous Republic of (...)

Exceptional concert at Victoria Hall in Geneva 17 April 2015

On the 17th of April 2015, classical music enthusiasts are invited to attend exceptional concert at Victoria Hall in Geneva. On the occasion of the commemoration of 100th anniversary of Armenian (...)

Health and well-being

‘We can consign rabies to the history books’ with new plan to eliminate virus – UN health agency

10 December 2015 – Against the backdrop of one person dying every 10 minutes from rabies and that treatment for those bitten can cost 40 days of wages in some countries, the United Nations announced today a new framework to eliminate human rabies and save tens of thousands of lives each year by ensuring ready availability of vaccines and treatment, and emphasizing mass dog vaccinations to tackle the disease at its source. “Rabies is 100 per cent preventable through vaccination and timely immunization after exposure, but access to post-bite treatment is expensive and is not affordable in many Asian and African countries,” said Dr. Margaret Chan, the Director-General of the UN World Health Organization (WHO). “If we follow this more comprehensive approach, we can consign rabies to the (...)more...

IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention : Benefits of mammography screening outweigh adverse effects for women aged 50–69 years

Lyon, France, 3 June 2015 – A group of 29 independent international experts from 16 countries, convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), has assessed the (...)

Widespread misunderstanding about antibiotic resistance threatens public health – UN health agency

16 November 2015 – A recent multi-country survey revealed that people are confused about the rising threat of antibiotic resistance to public health and are unclear about how to prevent it from (...)

Measles vaccination saved 17 million lives since 2000, but elimination goals ‘off track’ – UN

13 November 2015 – The number of measles-related deaths has decreased by 79 per cent since the beginning of the century, but the United Nations health agency is warning that 2015 global milestones (...)

Two-thirds of world’s population is infected with herpes, says new UN health agency report

simplex virus type 1, which in most cases causes “cold sores” around the mouth, according to the first global estimates of the infection by the World Health Organization (WHO). The new estimates (...)

des Arts et des Hommes ...

Nasser…. ce jour du 28 septembre

Anouar El’Sadate grimpait nerveusement l’escalier de l’appartement de la famille Nasser, en ce début d’après-midi agité du 28 septembre 1970. Il rata la dernière image du raïs vivant. Il eut juste le temps de lui fermer les yeux. Gamal Abdel Nasser est mort dans son lit après une vie animée de victoires, d’espoir et de déception. L’Egypte ne sera jamais remise de cette perte. Il est rare qu’un homme politique divise autant l’opinion publique de son pays depuis près de sept décennies. L’Egypte qui l’a vu naître en 1918 sera toute autre à sa mort, ce jour du 28 septembre ancré dans l’histoire de celle-ci telle une huitième plaie. Le raïs rendit son dernier souffle, emporté par une complication cardiaque, en état d’épuisement total. Menant une guerre d’usure contre Israël après la défaite de 1967, cette guerre a (...)more...

Revivre la Patrie *

La Patrie n’est pas un lieu géographique inéluctable défini par les lois de la nature ou par les impératifs de la vie. Elle est la demeure de l’amour premier, la demeure de l’enfance, celle du (...)

Retrouver Camus

Albert … Le jour où tu as perdu la vie, j’avais à peine 7 ans. Je ne te connaissais pas encore ni même lu aucune de tes (...)

Le double miroir de Mahfouz

Aucun romancier égyptien n’ose encore se départir de l’héritage de Mahfouz ni revendiquer publiquement sa succession. Et pour cause. Ses disciples1 le prennent pour ce qu’il fût : le maître. Cette (...)

L’Amour se renouvelle ...

L’Amour se renouvelle ... Mauresque Il n’existe de jour qui passe sans sentir ton souffle remonter à mes lèvres Ton absence t’impose telle une source d’eau, masquée d’ombres, dans un jardin andalou (...)

Poetry and literature

« Sans Patrie », le livre qui prépare et annonce Heidi

Tout le monde connaît « Heidi », pas forcément l’original, c’est-à-dire les tomes publiés en allemand par Johanna Spyri en 1880 et 1881, mais sans doute ses adaptations et traductions multiples et diverses (dont des suites qui ne sont pas de l’auteure), ses versions pour enfants (raccourcies et simplifiées), et surtout ses apparitions au cinéma (inoubliable Shirley Temple), dans des séries télévisées, et le nouveau visage presque définitif que lui a donné le Japonais Isao Takahata en 1974 dans son dessin animé en 52 épisodes qui a fait le tour du monde… Et j’en oublie certainement ! Tellement reproduite, allongée, raccourcie, transformée, adaptée, que l’on ne sait peut-être plus très bien de quoi l’on parle. Et puis, que sait-on de Johanna Spyri ? Trop peu de choses. Mais ce que l’on sait renverse tous les (...)more...

Literature in the service of peace - 25 years of the United Nations Society of Writers (UNSW), Tuesday 14 Oct., 1 p.m. Library Events Room, United Nations, Geneva


On Saturday 10 March beginning at 11 a.m. and continuing until well past noon, the United Nations Society of Writers/Société des Ecrivains des Nations Unies and its literary journal Ex Tempore (...)

Zidane Meriboute, Islam’s Fateful Path

We are happy to inform you on the publication by the Londonian Publisher I.B Tauris of the translation and Update into English of the book : "La Fracture islamique:demain le soufisme ?" , (...)

At Sixty

Sixty is no eschatological age, but a breathing pause after a good run. Sixty is no end and no beginning, but a hyperbolic notwithstanding, a parable of sowing and reaping, a metaphor of (...)

Travel reportage

Elephant poaching rates virtually unchanged in 2014

CITES MIKE programme says that elephant populations continue to decline owing to steady poaching trends Positive progress in East Africa, but situation deteriorating in Central and West Africa. First compliance measures adopted Geneva/Kasane, 23 March 2015 – According to the latest figures released by the CITES programme for Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants, commonly known as MIKE, overall elephant poaching rates at monitored sites remained virtually unchanged in 2014 compared to the previous year. Poaching rates still exceed natural elephant population growth rates, meaning a continued decline in elephant numbers overall is likely. The latest CITES MIKE figures presented today at the African Elephant Summit in Kasane (Botswana), show no increase in the overall poaching (...)more...

Le Paxmal : un temple de paix dans les montagnes suisses

Ce temple, c’est l’histoire d’une vie et d’une œuvre, celles de Karl Bickel (1886-1982). Ce Zurichois fut à la fois peintre, sculpteur, graphiste et dessinateur renommé de timbres-poste. Il fut aussi (...)

A taste of the ancient Silk Road The Aslar Sadosi Festival in Khiva, Uzbekistan

The Asrlar Sadosi (Echo of the Centuries) Festival is an annual event dedicated to the preservation of traditional culture in Uzbekistan. It all started in 2008, when the Fund Forum, a public NGO (...)

Eco-tourism in Jordan

In a beautiful modern building on a hill overlooking one of the landmarks of Amman stand the offices of Wild Jordan. The building is functional, modern and fits into the landscape, and it gives (...)

Le Palais idéal du Facteur Cheval

Tout ce que tu vois, passant, Est l’oeuvre d’un paysan. Ferdinand Cheval A environ deux heures de Genève existe un lieu (...)

Friends contributing to DIVA

Qu’a t-elle donc apporté !!!!!

Tous les pays communément du tiers monde ont été à un moment de leur histoire colonisés par un pays tiers. Cette colonisation s’est faite pour soit disant "civilisés" ces "peuplades primitives". Cet apport d’une civilisation nouvelle n’a pratiquement rien apporté au pays dominé, mais a sûrement enrichi celui qui au nom de la civilisation à coloniser. Dés lors la question que l’on devrait se poser c’est pourquoi se sont ils lancés à la conquête de ces pays ? Pourquoi a t-on voulu "civilisé" ces populations ? Les a t-on civilisées ? A t-on réellement apporté quelque chose à tous ces pays ? A toutes ces questions que l’on pourrait se poser la seule réponse possible est que ces pays qui ont subi cette colonisation aujourd’hui font tous partie du tiers monde. Est ce donc une simple coïncidence ? Non, c’est (...)more...

A ces hommes politiques qui nous dirigent

Au risque de dépeindre un tableau noir, au risque de faire rire certains, au risque que cela tourne au ridicule, au risque que l’histoire ne se répète à ces hommes politiques qui nous dirigent. Dans (...)

Aujourd’hui le monde arabe

On pourrait humilier des peuples pendant des décennies, on pourrait par le biais de la force, par le biais d’un pouvoir autoritaire asservir tout un peuple. Si a cela on ajoute l’appui (...)

A ce Liban, a ce rêve

Il est de ceux qui se battent pour un idéal et qui sacrifient leurs vies. Il est de ceux, pour qui leur terre est sacrée Il est de ceux pour qui, le pays est synonyme de symbole, d’entité, de (...)

Interview with Mr. Hagop Avakian

You have surely heard the name Avakian somewhere. The Avakians have been in the carpet business for more than four generations, and they have specialized in Oriental hand knotted carpets. We (...)

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Ita`s world

Ita`s world
Strasbourg and Cathedral Millennium : “1015-2015”

Known as ‘town of the crossroads’ the city of Strasbourg has always occupied a strategic position in Europe. Throughout the centuries from the Middle Ages, it has forged its distinctive character based on its two major influences, French and German. The city is on the River Ill and has an important inland port. It is situated in Alsace in NE France close to the border with Germany and is recognised as one of the finest cities on the “Old Continent”. It has a treasure of Imperial and other styles of architecture, several institutions offering a rare cultural diversity and a variety of indoor (...)

The United Nations is 70 : “Stronger UN. Better World.”*

Malta and the Knights of St John : People and Places

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) : An Irish Connection

Pontifical Scots College, Rome : Scottish-Roman Mosaic