Editorial

What is wrong with wishing people a Happy New Year ?



Every year at Christmas/New Year time, we send off a greetings card to all our friends and relations and in the envelope we include a “family newsletter” ‒‒ a recto/verso page describing what everyone has been doing throughout the past twelve months. This observation calls for two comments. First, among the hundreds of people we know, there are only two other families who do the same thing. This means that the vast majority of the people who send us Christmas and New Year greetings, simply sign their names under the ritual printed message ‒‒ and call it a day. Although I am sure that they do not wish to be mean, I feel somewhat insulted that they do not feel called upon to provide any information or news about their lives. I open the envelope, take out the card, read the names ‒‒ and then (...)more...

Thoughts...on a gloomy day

“There is something I don’t understand,” a friend observed. “Ever since I was on the ground covering the Libyan crisis, we reported that you could buy a Kalashnikov for US$50, while for US$400 you (...)


I hardly ever watch the news on TV anymore

“I hardly ever watch the news on TV anymore,” my colleague said the other day. “All you hear about is killings, wars, crimes … I’m tired of sad and depressing news.” It may be a general trend, because (...)


Business, ethics, deeds …

“With this financial crisis and its consequences, do you realize that people are going back to more traditional values ?” my colleague observed one day. “It’s not only in Europe. You can find this (...)


CITIZENS OR ONLY CONSUMERS

"There is something wrong with our modern society," my colleague said the other day. "If you look at the leaks of documents from Wikileaks concerning Afghanistan or Iraq, people in the 1970s or (...)




Diva International

Necrology the 14th Kunzig Shamar Rinpoche



Sometimes you wish that you had never gotten the news... In life there are those you may meet once, whom you never forget and hope to meet again. One of these persons was Shamarpa, the 14th Reincaration of the Red Hat Lama Shamarpa Ripoche, Mipham Chokyi Lodro. His passing away at a far too young age, 62, left many among his students and friends in huge sorrow and distress. Up to the very last moment he was teaching, sharing his knowledge with the others, until his heart suddenly stopped on 11th June 2014 in Germany. He was the first Lama that we interviewed for Diva, and we did indeed have a passionately interesting open conversation. Unlike many Lamas, Shamarpa was not a political person, his main aim was to teach and be there for the people, reflect on ways of leading a better (...)more...

Concern about recreation of people – important aspect of social policy

Increase of level and quality of life of Turkmen residents, including through creation of conditions for full-fledged and comfortable recreation, is major trend of the state policy of (...)


L’ONU qui vient d’adopter la résolution 2165, qui permettra l’acheminement de l’aide humanitaire par des voies plus directes, aux personnes dans le besoin, en Syrie, devrait procéder immédiatement à la mise en place du mécanisme prescrit dans la résolution. « Cette résolution est une avancée diplomatique qui doit se traduire par des changements réels sur le terrain, » a rappelé la coalition de 34 organisations non-gouvernementales, (NGOs)

Dans le communiqué conjoint publié par les organisations humanitaires, dont Oxfam, Save the Children et le Conseil norvégien pour les réfugiés, les progrès réalisés à l’ONU après des semaines de (...)


La recrudescence de tension entre Israël et le Hamas a débuté avec la découverte des corps trois jeunes israéliens enlevés le 12 juin dernier, et le meurtre d’un palestinien le 2 juillet.

Alors que le conflit s’intensifie et que le monde craint une troisième Intifada, le Secrétaire général de l’ONU s’exprimait ce matin devant le Conseil de sécurité sur la situation au Moyen-Orient : « Il (...)


En 2001, l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies déclarait le 20 juin comme la Journée mondiale des réfugiés. Treize ans après, le 20 Juin 2014, 16,7 millions de personnes ont choisi le chemin de l’exil. Du jamais vu depuis la seconde guerre mondiale, selon l’ONU.

Selon un rapport publié par le HCR, le nombre de personnes déplacées en raison des conflits et des crises a dépassé le seuil des 50 millions - 51,2 millions de personnes étaient déracinées à la fin de (...)




Diva`s Diplomatic Pouch

Abdoulaye Diop le tout nouveau ministre des Affaires étrangères malien, était à l’ONU. Il s’est exprimé devant le Conseil de sécurité.



Q : Quelle est la situation sur le terrain. Les forces de l’ONU et la force Serval font-elles leur travail ? Quel est votre sentiment ? R : La situation est complexe. Aujourd’hui, seule la moitié du dispositif est en place. Les forces onusiennes sont déployées à 50-60%. Elles devraient comporter 12,000 hommes. L’ONU fait face à d’énormes défis car elle n’a pas la logistique nécessaire, en termes de transport, communication et surveillance aérienne. Nous avons reçu il y a quelques jours, 5 hélicoptères d’attaque, donnés par les Pays-Bas, ce qui permettra de donner de la puissance aux forces en place. Le point de loin le plus important, porte sur un déploiement plus robuste de la force, dans les zones à risque, essentiellement les zones du Nord du pays. Q : On a reproché à la force Serval d’avoir (...)more...

DIPLOMATIE INTERNATIONALE ET SOCIETE Par Dan Albertini QUEBEC : LE CORONER BROCHU ASPHIXIE LA PENSEE D’INDEPENDANCE

Entre (). Si la Crimée souffrait de compétences locales bidons, elle ne pourrait se dresser souveraine dans sa volonté de référendum l’opposant à l’UE, aux EE UU, aux Ukrainiens et même aux Canadiens. (...)


DIPLOMATIE INTERNATIONALE ET SOCIETE Par Dan Albertini Carrefour Autonome une vision de mégapole

Entre (). L’Oncle Sam s’assume, le dalaï lama dort à DC en dépit des invectives communistes sans nuance, qui dévoilent l’ambition pyromane de l’expansionnisme bouddhiste dit de sagesse. Conjoncture et (...)


DIPLOMATIE INTERNATIONALE ET SOCIETE Par Dan Albertini HAÏTI : la nouvelle lecture Intérimaire

Entre (). Pourquoi les Communautés helvétiques ont voté contre Shengen, le (9-02), malgré le CERN ? Un NON en majorité faible. Si c’était une manipulation raciste qui a généré ce vote tandis que des (...)


DIPLOMATIE INTERNATIONALE ET SOCIETE Par Dan Albertini L’OEA DANS UNE OBLIGATION NON ECRITE

Entre (). Mettre la charte Drainville.Qc à l’épreuve près du Mûr des Lamentations, sans kippa, pour une diplomatie québécoise, quelle tentation dirait Blair.ca ! L’autre pas vers une tentation (...)




Geneva International

UNAIDS report shows that 19 million of the 35 million people living with HIV today do not know that they have the virus



Photos : Action Press/P-M Virot In sub-Saharan Africa, nearly 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status are on treatment—ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 will require smart scale-up to close the gap GENEVA, 16 July 2014—A new report by UNAIDS shows that 19 million of the 35 million people living with HIV globally do not know their HIV-positive status. “Whether you live or die should not depend on access to an HIV test,” said Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of UNAIDS. “Smarter scale-up is needed to close the gap between people who know their HIV status and people who don’t, people who can get services and people who can’t and people who are protected and people who are punished.” The UNAIDS Gap report shows that as people find out their HIV-positive status they will seek (...)more...

Transcript of Press Conference by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the Palais des Nations in Geneva on 17 June 2014

Photos : Action Press/Virot Mesdames et messieurs, Bonjour. Good morning. Je suis ravi d’être de retour à Genève. Et c’est un plaisir de vous revoir tous ici. Je suis arrivé hier soir de (...)


The last Opening Statement by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay to the Human Rights Council, delivered 10 June 2014 in Geneva.

The statement contains her reflections on six years as High Commissioner, as well as on a number of current human rights challenges in specific countries and on specific issues. The issues and (...)


Despite Objections and Early Pressure from Vatican Officials, Committee Takes on Church Policies and Practices That Enable Widespread Sexual Violence by Clergy

Photos : ActionPress/PM Virot May 23, 2014, Geneva – Today, the United Nations Committee Against Torture found that the widespread sexual violence within the Catholic church amounted to (...)


Ukraine Situations en cours.

18 mars 2014 Photos : Action Press/PM Virot S E Mr Yuri Klymenco, Ambassadeur, Représentant permanent de la Mission de l’Ukraine aux Nations Unies à Genève a tenu un point de presse à (...)




Economy

ECONOMIC REFLECTIONS ON AFRICA Interview with Mariarosaria Iorio, political analyst



For the last couple of years Mariarosaria has been travelling all over Africa delivering training courses. We were curious to learn more about what is happening at the grassroots level. Our local perspective and what is happening in the field are not the same. She has also published a lot of articles on different economic issues and we have had the pleasure and honour of publishing them in this journal. Q : What is your background ? I was trained as a political scientist and specialized later in economic policy. I was the head of office for a network of women organizations located here in Geneva. In this capacity, I followed in particular the talks of the World Trade Organization and economic discussions from a civil society point of view, taking into account the impact that trade (...)more...

Global foreign direct investment is up

24 June 2014 – Global foreign direct investment is up and expected to rise over the next three years, driven mainly by stronger economies in developed countries, according to a new United Nations (...)


MINISTERS SUPPORT GIVING BIOTECH COMPANIES SAY IN DECISIONS ON GM CROPS New law threatens to open up Europe’s fields to GM crops

Brussels, June 12, 2014 – Today’s vote by EU environment ministers in favour of a new law that would theoretically allow individual countries to ban genetically modified (GM) crops is a poisoned (...)


176% Rise in Metal Prices, 260% Rise in Energy Prices Marks Era of Soaring Costs as Resources Decline New Resource Productivity Opportunities Can Save World up to US$3.7 Trillion Annually and Protect Future Economic Growth – Study by International Resource Panel

Rapidly rising prices—metal up by 176 per cent, rubber by 350 per cent, and energy by 260 per cent since 2000—signal a potentially crippling trend of increasing costs as current consumption (...)


For the sake of increasing the nature’s wealth

On June 5, World Environmental Protection Day was widely celebrated in Turkmenistan as in all parts of the world. One of the top priorities of state policy carried out by President of (...)




Humanitarians

Refugees find a new home in Turkmenistan



These days, 786 people have received passports of the citizen of Turkmenistan most of whom were refugees residing in the country. Granting citizenship aims to improve the social situation of these people giving them the opportunity to enjoy numerous benefits and providing access to education, employment, medical and other services. The government creates every possible condition for their dignified life. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Office of UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have recognized the practical experience of the social and legal integration of refugees in Turkmenistan as unprecedented in its scale and importance. The reason being the provision of the Turkmen citizenship and residency in Turkmenistan for thousands of displaced people and (...)more...

Global forced displacement tops 50 million for first time in post-World War II era

Geneva 20th June 2014 A report released today by UNHCR shows that the number of refugees, asylum-seekers, and internally displaced people worldwide has, for the first time in the post-World War (...)


A record 33.3 million now displaced by war worldwide, as one family flees inside Syria every 60 seconds - Report

33.3 million people were internally displaced at the end of 2013 due to conflict and violence says a new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). This equates to a staggering (...)


THE FIRST-HAND TRUTH ABOUT HUMANITARIAN AID Interview with Jan Egeland, Secretary-General of the Norwegian Refugee Council

Jan Egeland was the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator from June 2003 to December 2006 and, due to his outspokenness and general (...)


Industrialized countries see 28 per cent jump in asylum applications

A UNHCR report, released today, shows a sharp rise in asylum claims in 44 industrialized countries during 2013, driven primarily by the crisis in Syria. UNHCR’s Asylum Trends 2013 report says (...)




Education

Learn a language in 80 hours in Geneva or in New York



“Learning a language in 80 hours” is an innovative, efficient and stimulating teaching method which enables students to master a foreign language in 80 hours over a matter of months ‒‒ or even weeks in the event of urgent requirements. Initially designed for humanitarian purposes, the Method Varadi is now used by diplomats, international organizations, companies and individuals to learn a language in a short period of time. The Varadi School offers personalized language courses in thirty-three languages for individuals and companies, in a warm and stimulating atmosphere. After thirty-one years of existence in Switzerland, the Varadi Institute will also open its doors in New York in February 2014. Students of the Swiss institute will be able to follow a part of their programme in the (...)more...

A hundred Muslim and Jewish young leaders daring to believe something is possible that everyone says is impossible

Each year, the Muslim Jewish Conference (MJC) gathers together 100 young Jewish and Muslim leaders from more than forty countries, allowing them to talk to each other for a whole week instead of (...)


Le Centre International de Formation ``Golda Meir`` (MCTC) au chevet des pays du sud dans le domaine du développement communautaire et de la gestion de micro-entreprises. Par Roch Alfred KIKI (AFRIQUE)

Le MASHAV entendu l’Agence Israélienne pour la Coopération Internationale au Développement (MASHAV), une institution israélienne qui œuvre pour la coopération entre les peuples du monde à travers (...)


Pestalozzi, père de la pégagogie moderne

« J’ai vu mieux que le paradis de la Suisse, j’ai vu Pestalozzi » (Karl Ritter, célèbre géographe allemand). La pédagogie, une passion suisse ? On peut l’affirmer si l’on pense à Pestalozzi, Rousseau, (...)


Adult Training Context : The trainer-trainees relationship and trainees’ attention throughout the training

1. Introduction This article intends to share reflections on challenges related to adult training context. The objective of this article is to provide a perspective on training context (...)




Culture

Geneva Book Fair 2014 edition



Photos Action Press/PM Virot Among the famous people at the Geneva Book Fair were Mr Matsumoto, the « pope » of the Japanese Mange, Luc Ferry, a former French Minister or Mr Philippe Geluck, the famous Belgium cartoonist know for his stories of « le Chat »more...

Magtymguly Pyragy – the pride of the Turkmen nation Commemorating the 290th birthday anniversary of the great poet

“The poetical world of Pyragy – is, in fact, the Turkmen philosophy generated in the course of millennia, the melody of Turkmen soul, and the invincible spirit of the Turkmen”. President of (...)


Le Centre International de Formation ``Golda Meir`` (MCTC) : Musée des peuples et des civilisations mondiales. Par Roch Alfred KIKI (AFRIQUE)

Le MCTC est une institution israélienne qui œuvre pour la coopération entre les peuples du monde à travers plusieurs activités qu’elle initie et coordonne et qui sont pour la plus part soutenue par (...)


SUR LA ROUTE DU CINEMA Par Dan Albertini LES EPAULETTES DE VERTIERES.

LES EPAULETTES DE VERTIERES. Le film est un ictus amnésique causé par un rêve prémonitoire interrompu, exposant autre que Pivot, une nouvelle dictée en incubateur. Il a fallu le roman pour (...)


Art beyond frontiers, a dappled, exhilarating trans-frontier exhibition of modern and traditional sculptures

Once again the frontier communes of Collex-Bossy (CH) and Ornex (F) have successfully cooperated in mounting an artistic and educational venture that brought delight and inspiration to many (...)




Health and well-being

WHO/UNICEF highlight need to further reduce gaps in access to improved drinking water and sanitation



GENEVA/NEW YORK, 8 May 2014 – Since 1990, almost 2 billion people globally have gained access to improved sanitation, and 2.3 billion have gained access to drinking-water from improved sources. Some 1.6 billion of these people have piped water connections in their homes or compounds, according to a new WHO/UNICEF report, entitled Progress on drinking water and sanitation : 2014 update, which also highlights a narrowing disparity in access to cleaner water and better sanitation between rural and urban areas. More than half of the global population lives in cities, and urban areas are still better supplied with improved water and sanitation than rural ones. But the gap is decreasing. In 1990, more than 76% people living in urban areas had access to improved sanitation, as opposed to only (...)more...

WHO/UNICEF highlight need to further reduce gaps in access to improved drinking water and sanitation

GENEVA/NEW YORK | 8 May2014 – Since 1990, almost 2 billion people globally have gained access to improved sanitation*, and 2.3 billion have gained access to drinking-water from improved (...)


World Health Statistics 2014 WHO : Large gains in life expectancy

15 May 2014 / GENEVA – People everywhere are living longer, according to the World Health Statistics 2014 published today by the World Health Organization (WHO). Based on global averages, a girl (...)


UNHEALTHY DIETS GREATER THREAT TO HEALTH THAN TOBACCO ; UN EXPERT CALLS FOR GLOBAL REGULATION

The UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Olivier De Schutter, called today for a new global agreement to regulate unhealthy diets. “Unhealthy diets are now a greater threat to global (...)


World Blood Donor Day 2014 Safe blood needed to save mothers

On World Blood Donor Day – 14 June – the World Health Organization (WHO) is calling on countries to improve access to safe blood for saving the lives of mothers. Every day, almost 800 women die (...)




des Arts et des Hommes ...

Nasser…. ce jour du 28 septembre



Anouar El’Sadate grimpait nerveusement l’escalier de l’appartement de la famille Nasser, en ce début d’après-midi agité du 28 septembre 1970. Il rata la dernière image du raïs vivant. Il eut juste le temps de lui fermer les yeux. Gamal Abdel Nasser est mort dans son lit après une vie animée de victoires, d’espoir et de déception. L’Egypte ne sera jamais remise de cette perte. Il est rare qu’un homme politique divise autant l’opinion publique de son pays depuis près de sept décennies. L’Egypte qui l’a vu naître en 1918 sera toute autre à sa mort, ce jour du 28 septembre ancré dans l’histoire de celle-ci telle une huitième plaie. Le raïs rendit son dernier souffle, emporté par une complication cardiaque, en état d’épuisement total. Menant une guerre d’usure contre Israël après la défaite de 1967, cette guerre a (...)more...

Revivre la Patrie *

La Patrie n’est pas un lieu géographique inéluctable défini par les lois de la nature ou par les impératifs de la vie. Elle est la demeure de l’amour premier, la demeure de l’enfance, celle du (...)


Retrouver Camus

Albert … Le jour où tu as perdu la vie, j’avais à peine 7 ans. Je ne te connaissais pas encore ni même lu aucune de tes (...)


Le double miroir de Mahfouz

Aucun romancier égyptien n’ose encore se départir de l’héritage de Mahfouz ni revendiquer publiquement sa succession. Et pour cause. Ses disciples1 le prennent pour ce qu’il fût : le maître. Cette (...)


L’Amour se renouvelle ...

L’Amour se renouvelle ... Mauresque Il n’existe de jour qui passe sans sentir ton souffle remonter à mes lèvres Ton absence t’impose telle une source d’eau, masquée d’ombres, dans un jardin andalou (...)




Poetry and literature

UNITED NATIONS SOCIETY OF WRITERS SPONSORS A POETRY READING ON THE LAKE



On Saturday 10 March beginning at 11 a.m. and continuing until well past noon, the United Nations Society of Writers/Société des Ecrivains des Nations Unies and its literary journal Ex Tempore co-sponsored a “happening” at the Bains de Paquis, including the reading of lake poetry by Alphonse de Lamartine, Rainer Maria Rilke and Hermann Hesse, with translations into English and Russian. Under a pristine blue sky, balmy winds, and facing the glory of the jet d’eau rising majestically over the rade, we listened mesmerized as Antony Hequet declaimed his poem “Je parle le langage du feu… j’écoute les voix de l’eau”. Antony , a Geneva poet and artist, old friend of UNSW and member of “Earth Focus”, an ngo that promotes sustainable development and a respectful relationship with our environment, (...)more...

Zidane Meriboute, Islam’s Fateful Path

We are happy to inform you on the publication by the Londonian Publisher I.B Tauris of the translation and Update into English of the book : "La Fracture islamique:demain le soufisme ?" , (...)


At Sixty

Sixty is no eschatological age, but a breathing pause after a good run. Sixty is no end and no beginning, but a hyperbolic notwithstanding, a parable of sowing and reaping, a metaphor of (...)


SKIING

Skiing is a mode of living : Life is now, an affirmation, time in motion and elation. Carpe diem ! Life is skiing. Skiing is a state of being : happy trance in blinding light or blanket (...)


Alarm clock

Technologically Impaired Husband decides to lend Rather Important House Guest his state-of-the-art alarm clock (set alarm hand to hour required, pull out button, grope wildly and thump button to (...)




Travel reportage

Le Paxmal : un temple de paix dans les montagnes suisses



Ce temple, c’est l’histoire d’une vie et d’une œuvre, celles de Karl Bickel (1886-1982). Ce Zurichois fut à la fois peintre, sculpteur, graphiste et dessinateur renommé de timbres-poste. Il fut aussi un travailleur acharné et un rêveur idéaliste. S’il est encore mal connu du grand public, c’est que l’on ignore souvent le nom des créateurs d’affiches publicitaires (les siennes, dans le style Art déco, sont pourtant admirables), de catalogues de mode ou de timbres. Quant à son œuvre majeure, le Paxmal, le moins que l’on puisse dire, elle qu’elle se mérite. Cachée dans le renfoncement d’une falaise à Schrina-Hochrugg aux pieds du massif des Churfirsten à 1300 mètres d’altitude, on l’atteint à partir de Walenstadt dans le canton de Saint-Gall, bourgade connue pour la beauté de son lac vert émeraude et ses (...)more...

A taste of the ancient Silk Road The Aslar Sadosi Festival in Khiva, Uzbekistan

The Asrlar Sadosi (Echo of the Centuries) Festival is an annual event dedicated to the preservation of traditional culture in Uzbekistan. It all started in 2008, when the Fund Forum, a public NGO (...)


Eco-tourism in Jordan

In a beautiful modern building on a hill overlooking one of the landmarks of Amman stand the offices of Wild Jordan. The building is functional, modern and fits into the landscape, and it gives (...)


Le Palais idéal du Facteur Cheval

Tout ce que tu vois, passant, Est l’oeuvre d’un paysan. Ferdinand Cheval A environ deux heures de Genève existe un lieu (...)


Revoir Venise

Tout le monde connaît Venise, ses gondoles, sa lagune, ses pigeons ; tout le monde (ou presque) y a été ou rêve d’y aller, en touriste, en amoureux, en esthète, en connaisseur. On y vient armé de (...)




Friends contributing to DIVA

A ce Liban, a ce rêve



Il est de ceux qui se battent pour un idéal et qui sacrifient leurs vies. Il est de ceux, pour qui leur terre est sacrée Il est de ceux pour qui, le pays est synonyme de symbole, d’entité, de valeurs. Il est de ceux, qui nourrissent pendant toute une vie, un espoir A ce Liban auquel je rêve, a ce Liban auquel j’aspire Je voudrai par ces mots simples tenter de l’imaginer, Je voudrai par des mots simples, connus de tous, de ceux qui chérissent ce pays. Tenter de coucher sur ce bout de papier, tenter non pas de me convaincre, pas même de convaincre, juste tenter de faire imaginer ce Liban auquel je rêve. Ce Liban je ne le conçois, je ne l’imagine qu’en une seule et unique entité. Ou le Nord, le Sud, l’Est et l’Ouest forment un corps et un seul ce LIBAN. Ce Liban je ne peux le concevoir que (...)more...

Aujourd’hui le monde arabe

On pourrait humilier des peuples pendant des décennies, on pourrait par le biais de la force, par le biais d’un pouvoir autoritaire asservir tout un peuple. Si a cela on ajoute l’appui (...)


A ces hommes politiques qui nous dirigent

Au risque de dépeindre un tableau noir, au risque de faire rire certains, au risque que cela tourne au ridicule, au risque que l’histoire ne se répète à ces hommes politiques qui nous dirigent. Dans (...)


Qu’a t-elle donc apporté !!!!!

Tous les pays communément du tiers monde ont été à un moment de leur histoire colonisés par un pays tiers. Cette colonisation s’est faite pour soit disant "civilisés" ces "peuplades primitives". Cet (...)


Interview with Mr. Hagop Avakian

You have surely heard the name Avakian somewhere. The Avakians have been in the carpet business for more than four generations, and they have specialized in Oriental hand knotted carpets. We (...)




Search the Diva International


Adversting



Diva featuring


Diva International
Diva`s Diplomatic Pouch
Geneva International

Economy
Humanitarians
Hayward Beywood

Education
Culture
Health and well-being
des Arts et des Hommes ...

Poetry and literature
Travel reportage
Friends contributing to DIVA

Editorial
Ita`s world


Edward Phelan : Ireland and beyond

2009 marked the 90th anniversary of the creation of the International Civil Service and establishment of the International Labour Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. A special programme of events was held to celebrate the occasion. Amongst these the ILO launched two books* providing a wide cover of the history, evolution, development and continuing programmes of the Organization in the perspective of its Century Project in 2019. They add to the vast corpus of political, social and other literature about the struggle to (...)